Program on Water Resources Management RDEP.3 CY 2011

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Project 1: Economic pricing of raw water for Improved Watershed Management: The Case of Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve


For this project, the Region office assessed water resources situation within Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve, evaluated the level of awareness of residents about the importance of watersheds in ensuring a sustainable water supply, ascertaining users willingness to pay, and identified reasons why water users may not be willing to pay for improved management of the Reservation.

→Coordination and reconnaissance survey in Lipa City, Batangas: Proper coordination was made with the Metro Lipa Water District (MLWD), concerned LGU, and PUSOD, an active organization that works on environmental education for ecological responsibility, research, and monitoring and biodiversi ty conservati on for sustainable development.

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Relative to this, latest information such as sources of domestic water, number of service connections and number of households, estimated volume of water produced by the water district and the average of water consumption were gathered.

→Focus Group Discussion: A Multi-sectoral meeting was conducted and attended by all members of Lipa Head Council. The following information were obtained per discussion:

  • Basic Description of Mt. Malarayat: 

Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve is considered as the only remaining forest cover in the province of Batangas needing immediate rehabilitation. Geographically, Mt. Malarayat is located 13 58’ 11.7” latitude and 121 16’. It is bounded on the northwest by the province of Laguna, on the southwest by the province of Batangas and in the southeast by the province of Quezon.

The proper management of Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve is vital in the provision of water for agricultural purposes of the three (3) provinces, for domestic use of community members, and for recreational purposes (with existing Malarayat Golf and Country Club and the like).

  • Program and activities inside the area 

    Within four (4) years, the National Power Corporation (NPC) had already reforested a total of 30 hectares.

  • Problems encountered during the implementation of Watershed Management activitie

           Some concerns mentioned regarding the implementation of watershed management are sustainability of the planted seedlings, maintenance and the appropriate species to be planted in the area.

  • Effective approach/es in resolving the problems

           Suggestions obtained during discussion were as follows: monitoring of the planted seedlings, strict enforcement of the law, and protection against illegal logging educate brgy. official and encourage private sector to conduct tree planting and buy seedlings to the community and have hydrologic assessment specific for MMFR.

          The NPC Representative recommended involving all sectors of society (each group to have specific function) forward a common goal of protecting and managing MMFR; Create sense of ownership and responsibility of all sector on natural resources management.

  • Proposed programs/project for the protection of Mt. Malarayat

           The sector was able to gather information that the NPC will be reforesting a 20 hectares upon release of their budget. Other proposed activities are Information Education and Communication (IEC), lectures in public school elementary grades re: importance of watershed with the emphasis on Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve and tie-up with DepED to produce IEC materials and disseminate to the communities near the watershed area. Metro Lipa Water District (MLWD) said that they will require all schools within the cities serviced by MLWD will provide leaflets regarding the importance of water and its sources. Another program of activities is the alternative livelihood like quail egg production, fuel wood production for the community members.

Enumerated below are other suggestions:  

1. Maintenance and protection up to 3 years ( for fast growing) 5 years (indigenous) of planted seedlings.

2. Increase awareness of people from Tiaong, Quezon and San Pablo, Laguna about the importance of protection of MMFR.

3. Signage’s must be install in MMFR to warm hikers not pollute in the area.

4. Creation of Mt. Malarayat as Protected area.

5. Seminar orientation on forestry related laws ( target audience brgy. officials, committee on environment, LGU, schools).

6. Availability of forest rangers at MMFR.

7. Schools to increase public awareness (thorough). develop positive desirable attitude of students on improved watershed management.

8. Create a group (informed and educated on the importance of protecting and managing MMFR) within a barangay with coordinating with GA/NGA and industries to come up with program/project on maintaining the planted trees.

→Household Focus Group Discussion: Twenty five (25) households from different Barangays attended the meeting. Topics discussed were the source of water, the water consumption problem and cause on shortage of water supply, uses of water and the negative effects of shortage of water.

During the discussion some households do not know where the source of water came from but others told that the water supply came from deep underground. Also most of the participants/households do not have idea about watershed area even the importance of it. They do not know also that the water supply within the communities is coming from Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve.

ERDB and ERDS staff asked the group of households if they are willing to pay and how much they can voluntarily pay for the protection and managing Mt. Malaraya’t Forest Reserve, but some household were not willing to pay for the reason that they have no additional budget.

However, if it is compulsory they are willing too. Other asked the mechanism on how the collection of fund and who will be responsible for that matter.
The analysis determined the trend of responses of respondents and the results revealed that out of the 432 target respondents interviewed, 207 or 48% are willing to contribute for watershed management fund while 225 or 52% are not willing to contribute. 

Moreover, out of the 225 respondents who are not willing to contribute the bid amount assigned, 105 or 47% gave their willingness to contribute to the fund but with a lower amount. The average amount they are willing to contribute was P 21.38 per month. Most of the respondents who are willing to pay suggested that their contribution be incorporated in their monthly water bill. The remaining 120 or 53% of the respondents are not willing to contribute any amount due to their financial constraint. The reasons of the respondents who are not willing to contribute were as follows: 1) could not afford additional payments (12%); 2) budget for basic needs will be affected (7%); 3) fund might not go for intended purpose (5%).

Project 3: Riparian Zone Assessment for Rehabilitation to minimize erosion and sedimentation and improve water quality

Under this project, the Region office documented and validated problems and issues related to Riparian Zone Environment, characterized and assesssed the hydrologic behaviour of Riparian Zone in the contect of Ecosystems Approach (EA) using watershed as planning unit, identified and prioritized areas for riparian zone rehabilitation, and established riparian zone pilot demonstration area. Highlights of activities conducted were the following:

→Coordination: Proper coordination was made with the National Irrigation Administration office in Lucena City as to the conduct of site visit to riparian areas within their jurisdiction. Problems and issues encountered on riparian zone were also gathered. Accordingly, rampant quarrying, cutting of trees for personal use and charcoal making, and utilization of streambank for small-time farming are the contributing factors to erosion or streambank destabilization. 

→Site Selection: Reconnaisance survey was conducted for the establishment of experimental plots. Among the sites visited are riparian areas of Binahaan Watershed in Sitio Logpond in Barangay Binahaan, Pagbilao, Quezon, Janagdong Watershed in Sitio Canda, Barangay Janagdong 1, Lagnas Watershed in Dolores, Quezon, and Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve in Batangas City. (see photos)

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Basic descriptions and other secondary information for each watershed were also gathered as summarized in Table III-33 .

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Soil erosion occurring on the established erosion plots was monitored in two and a half months. An improvised rain gauge for the measurement of rainfall in the project site was installed at the same time. Recording of daily rainfall was started on October 22. Stream flow on the adjacent Binahaan River was monitored monthly. To date there were two data collection undertaken. 120412 3

Project 4: Stakeholders' Participation in Water Resources Protection and Development Program

Under this project, the Region office documented various participatory models/mechanisms employed in the protection and development of water resources in selected watersheds within Region IV-A, assessed the roles of different stakeholders in the protection and development of water resources in selected watershed, and determined appropriate models/mechanisms for a participatory water resources protection and development in watersheds.

The Region has completed the following activities for this year: 

Evaluation of Participatory Management Scheme: The identified watersheds were composed of Lagnas Watershed (Dolores, Quezon), Amao Creek (Pagbilao, Quezon), Mt. Malarayat Forest Reserve (Lipa City, Batangas), Malabanban and Lubigan Springs (San Pablo City, Laguna), Binahaan Watershed, Pagbilao, Quezon), and Maulawin Spring Protected Landscape (Guinayangan, Quezon). Among these watersheds that were evaluated, the Maulawin Spring Protected Landscape was selected as model site with some integrated participatory management strategies. It was considered as a priority area for biodiversity conservation under the classification of Insufficient Data (ID) based on the results of the National Biodiversity Conservation Priority Setting Project by DENR-PAWD, UP Center for Integrative and Development Studies, and Conservation International Philippines.
The different management schemes within the MSPL were categorized according to multi-disciplinary participation in water resource protection and development including the commitments and management efforts showed by every stakeholder, to wit:

1. Resource Management Scheme

This scheme covers w a t e r s h e d r e h a b i l i t a t i o n , p l a n t a t i o n establ i shment and restorati on projects within the Maulawin Sp r in g P r o te c te d Landscape. Activities such as tree planting wi thin the Stri ct Protection Zone (SPZ) was funded by the Municipal Government of Guinayangan (Php 100,000.00 from the 20% development fund of 2010); establishment of molave plantation and five (5) hectares restoration project within SPZ, funded by Quezon Provincial Government (Php 100,000.00); enrichment planting within the SPZ using 200 apitong and 500 molave seedlings, funded by Guinayangan Water District (GWD).

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2. Rural Economic Development Scheme

This approach involves the adoption of sustainabl e agroforestry practices within the Multiple Use Zone (MUZ) and thereby relieving pressure on the existing resources of the park. The Protected Area Community-Based Resource Management Agreement (PACBRMA) as a tenurial instrument was issued to migrant communities (Samahan ng mga Tenured Migrants ng Maulawin Area Incorporated) to join the community-based program covering a total area of 45 hectares within MSPL.

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3. Infrastructure and Physical Development Scheme

This scheme pertains to any development within MSPL like delineation and demarcation ( f un de d by Muni cip a l Government of Guinayangan, Php 100,000.00), fencing of SPZ (funded by the Municipal Government of Guinayangan, Php 300,000.00 from the 20% development fund)) , pathway construction (funded by GWD), installation of water impounding project within the MUZ (funded by FMS).

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4. Research, Education and Conservation Scheme

T h e establishment of e c o l o g i c a l laboratory within the MSPL serves a s a mi c r o learning area for r e s e a r c h e r s , a c a d e m e , students and park visitors.

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5. Regulation and Protection Management Scheme

The Protected Area Management Board (PAMB) acts as a governing body to decide on maters relating to planning and general administration of MSPL and conducts quarterly meeting to discuss all aspects of conservation and protection of the park. The members of the board have passed and approved several resolutions pertaining to the protection and wise utilization of all natural-based resources within MSPL.

6. Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) Scheme

This scheme serves as sustainable financial tool to achieve conservation and economic goals. The resolution approved by the PAMB requires the Guinayangan Water District to pay the resource user’s fee for using raw water from Maulawin River. In 2006, a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) was signed between PAMB of Maulawing Spring Protected Landscape and the Guinayangan Water District relative to the maintenance and operations of water system inside the MSPL. As stipulated in the agreement the GWD has to pay a monthly fee of one thousand pesos which shall be payable semi-annually or six months within the first fifteen days of every paying period day. The payment of fees shall also be subjected to a five percent (5%) increase per annum starting the fifth year and thereafter. 120412 8

The PAMB had generated a revenue in the total amount of Php 100,000 from resource user’s fees collection and deposited to the Integrated Protected Areas Fund (IPAF) which can significantly support resource conservation and necessary developments within Maulawin Spring Protected Landscape.

7. Park Visitors’ Use and Development Scheme

This scheme involves the plan to develop a portion of MSPL for ecotourism purposes. Relatively, all the stakeholders are willing to support this project in order to make the MSPL a self-sustaining biological area and to continuously implement some research and conservation activities.

8. Interpretative Management Scheme

This approach manifests on the actual dealings of the Protected Area Superintendent and PAMB members with the academe, private groups and LGU of Guinayangan to strengthen public awareness on the importance of MSPL, what it can provide to the public and what needs to be done to continuously achieve the ecological and economic goals.


→R and D Breakthrough: Determination and documentation of some participatory management schemes are technological innovations appropriate for dissemination. The multi-disciplinary involvement towards water resource management, utilization and development serves as an integral element to achieve economic development, resource conservation and environmental protection.