Coastal and Marine Resources Management CY 2011 (Implementation of EO 533 and National ICM Program)

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In response to Executive Order No. 533 “Adopting Integrated Coastal Management as a National Strategy to Ensure the Sustainable Development of the Country’s Coastal and Marine Environment and Resources and Establishing Supporting Mechanisms for Its Implementation” three (3) coastal municipalities of Quezon province were targeted this year namely: (1) Pagbilao, (2) Pitogo and San Francisco. Implementation of E.O 533 was conducted through the conduct of the following activities:

 Provision of Technical Assistance in the Development and Operationalization of Integrated Coastal Management Plan (Bay-wide)

⇒ Development of ICM Plan

1. Resource Assessment of Coastal and Marine Areas

Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment was done to effectively gather information from local residents, involving communities in data collection and its result is an important input to Integrated Coastal Resource Management (ICM) Plan.

T w o ( 2 ) c o a s t a l municipalities of Quezon, Pagbilao and Pitogo were assisted in the conduct of P C R A w o r k s h o p s . R e p r e s e n t a t i v e s o f Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office, Muni ci pal Agri cul ture Office, Barangay Officials and concern P eopl es Organization and MMS personnel of CENRO’s Pagbil ao and Gumaca attended the workshop. Workshop for Pagbilao and Pitogo, Quezon were conducted on May 24, 211 and September 14-15, 2011, respectively.

 

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Through these workshops various data necessary for the preparation of Coastal Environment Profile were gathered such as resource issues and conflicts; coastal resources maps; and immediate action plan necessary for the implementation of ICM plan.

2. Coastal Environment Profile Development

Municipal Coastal Environment Profiles (MCEP’s) of Pagbilao and Pitogo, Quezon were prepared and were already endorsed to the concerned LGU’s for their adoption and finalization. These will also be used in the preparation of Integrated Coastal Management Plan.

3. Conduct of Participatory ICM Planning Writeshop (San Francisco, Quezon)

As an offshoot of the conducted Participatory Coastal Resource Assessment of San Francisco, Quezon in 2008, the conduct of ICM planning writeshop for this municipality was conducted last April 14- 15, 2011. This workshop identified the risk and challenges, transboundary issues, strategies, principles, partners, objectives and action programs regarding coastal strategy of San Francisco, Quezon.

The participants who attended the consultative workshop/ writeshop were representatives from Local Government Units (LGUs) and DENR personnel.

⇒ Preparation of Coastal Strategy

1. Preparation of Coastal and Marine Zoning Plan and Coastal Strategy Framework (Tayabas Bay)

The Stakeholders’ Consultation cum Workshop/Writeshop on the Preparation of Coastal and Marine Waters Zoning Plan and Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan), both for Tayabas Bay was conducted on May 11 and12, 2011, respectively at Lucena City. It was an off-shoot of the series of workshops conducted last CY-2009 and CY- 2010. The purpose of the activity is to present the prepared draft coastal strategy and zoning plan of Tayabas Bay among the different stakeholders to gather comments/suggestions, confirmation, verification and additional information needed for the finalization of said documents.

Representatives from LGU’s along Tayabas Bay (coastal and land-locked), Other Government Agency (Philippine Coast Guard), Academe (Manuel S. Enverga University Foundation), Private Sector (TeaM Energy), Non- Government Organization (Tanggol Kalikasan), Provincial Planning and Development Office (PPDO), and DENR-Quezon personnel attended this undertaking. Mr. Robert S. Jara of the Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) and Dr. Domingo R. Bravo, Chief, CMMD and OIC, RTD for PAWCZMS of DENR-RIV, CALABARZON served as the resource speakers.

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2. Finalization of Coastal and Marine Water Zoning Plan for Tayabas Bay

Series of workshops and writeshops and some related activities for Tayabas Bay had been undertaken from CY 2008 to CY 2009, The initial draft Coastal and Marine Waters Zoning Plan was prepared in October, 2009 using the data/information gathered during those workshops/writeshops and other data provided by LGU participants. Thereafter, the draft zoning plan was presented to various stakeholders on May 11, 2011 to gather their comments, suggestion, verification and additional information essential in the preparation of the final draft of the said zoning plan .

The proposed Coastal and Marine Waters Zoning Plan of Tayabas Bay is an important component of the Tayabas Bay Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan) which is simultaneously being prepared. It complements and harmonizes the existing comprehensive land-use plan of the seventeen (17) municipalities and cities .

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3. Finalization of the Coastal Strategy Framework Plan for Tayabas Bay

Along with the preparation of Tayabas Bay’s Coastal and Marine Water Zoning Plan is the preparation of Coastal Strategy Framework Plan. Prior to the preparation of this proposed coastal strategy, series of activities were conducted. These include the Consultative Workshop/writeshop on the Preparation of Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan). The initial draft of the Tayabas Bay Coastal Strategy was prepared and then presented to the participants during the stakeholders’ consultation held on Arpril 29-30, 2011. The vision to be adopted in the proposed CS was further revised by the participants.

Meanwhile, the draft/proposed coastal strategy was further presented to various stakeholders on May 12, 2011 during the conduct of stakeholder’s consultation cum workshop/writeshhop on the preparation of coastal strategy (framework plan) for Tayabas Bay. Its objective is to gather the comments, suggestions and verification of the bay’s stakeholders and at the same time to gather additional information. The outputs of the previous workshop were used in the preparation of the draft/ proposed coastal strategy . 112912 14

4. Consultation to the LGU’s of the Final Coastal Strategy Framework Plan (Tayabas Bay)

The Stakeholders’ Consultation of the Final Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan) and Coastal and Marine Waters Zoning Plan, both of Tayabas Bay, was undertaken on October 27, 2011 at Barangay Isabang, Tayabas City. Through the series of workshops and writeshops conducted for Tayabas Bay and in consultation with the different stakeholders, the data/ information needed relative to the preparation of the coastal strategy (framework plan) and coastal and marine waters zoning plan of Tayabas Bay were gathered.

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These include the outputs of the workshops/ writeshops and secondary data provided by LGU participants pertaining to their respective municipalities. Further, copies of afore-cited plans were provided to LGUs in order for them to review, comment, suggest, verify and supply additional information. The purpose of the activity is to present the coastal strategy and zoning plan of Tayabas Bay among the different stakeholders and to formulate the guidelines for the coastal and marine waters zones (coastal-use regulatory system).

5. Consultation to the LGU’s of the Final Coastal Strategy Framework Plan and Marine Water Zoning Plan for Lamon Bay

S t a k e h o l d e r s ’ Consultation on the Initial Draft Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan) of Lamon Bay was conducted last July 27, 2011. It was an offshoot of the series of workshops conducted last CY-2010 relative to the preparati on of c o a s t a l s t r a t e g y (framework pl an) of Lamon Bay. The purpose of the activity is to present the prepared initial draft coastal strategy of Lamon Bay among the different stakeholders to gather comments/suggestions, confirmation/verification and additional information needed for the finalization of said document .

This was attended by a total of twenty-one (21) participants composing of representatives from Local Government Units (LGUs) of coastal municipalities along Lamon Bay, Other Government Agency (Phil. Coast Guard and DA-BFAR), Academe (Southern Luzon State University), Provincial Government-Environment and Natural Resources Office (PG-ENRO), Provincial Planning and Development Office (PPDO), and DENR-Region IV-A and DENRQuezon personnel. Mr. Robert S. Jara of the Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) and Dr. Domingo R. Bravo, Chief, CMMD of DENR-RIV, CALABARZON served as the resource speakers.

 Provision of Technical Assistance in the Development and Operationalization of Integrated Coastal Management Plan (Municipal wide with Supplemental Fund from Central Office)

Integrated coastal management is the national strategy ensuring the sustainable development of the country's coastal and marine environment resources. Through this, food security, sustainable livelihood, poverty alleviation and reduction of vulnerability to natural hazards were envisioned to achieve.

Additional fund from DENR Central Office was provided to support the implementation of Executive Order No. 533 in providing ICM training programs to LGU’s. LGU’s are the frontline agencies in the formulation, planning and implementation of ICM program in their respective coastal and marine areas. Technical assistance in the conduct of workshops, meetings and preparation of plan for the five (5) coastal municipalities of Quezon namely, 1. Catanauan, 2. General Lluna, 3. Mulanay, 4. Pagbilao, and 5. Sariaya were extended. The following activities were conducted:

1. ICM Planning Workshop and Consultative Workshop for the Preparation of Integrated Coastal Management Plan and Coastal and Marine Water Zoning Plan

This workshop provided venue for comprehensive, systematic and integrated approach among stakeholders for the development and preparation of Integrated Coastal Management Plan, Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan) and Coastal Marine Waters Zoning Plan.

2. Writeshop for the Preparation of Integrated Coastal Management Plan and Marine Water Zoning Plan

The above writeshop served as an off-shoot for the conduct of consultative workshops on the preparation of the Integrated Coastal Management Plan, Coastal Strategy (Framework Plan) and Coastal Marine Waters Zoning Plan

Schedules of the conducted workshops/writeshops is shown below:

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 3. Drafting of Integrated Coastal Management Plan (ICMP) and Coastal Land and Sea Use Zoning Plan (CLSUZP)

A joint Municipal Executive Order was signed by local executives of the five (5) municipalities creating Technical Working Group (TWG) for the preparation of their Integrated Coastal Management Plans (ICMP’s) and Coastal Land and Sea Use Zoning Plans (CLSUZP’s). Thence, ICMP and CLSUZP was prepared and indorsed to the concerned LGU’s for review and evaluation.

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  Provision of Technical Assistance on Establishment of Marine Protected Areas

Municipal marine reserve or sanctuary is one of the most important coastal resource management tools available for protecting and improving local marine resources. Marine protected areas usually occur in the waters within the regulatory boundaries of the local government units. LGU’s are empowered to establish sanctuaries, limit access to marine resources, prescribe zones for different uses, as well as collect taxes or fees associated with the use of these municipal resources. Approval of the national government agencies to establish municipal reserve or sanctuary is not required for this undertaking.

DENR, being mandated to provide technical assistance on the establishment of marine protected area with DA-BFAR and concerned LGUS, conducted MPA consultation workshop last May 24, 2011 at Ibabang Palsabangon, Pagbilao, Quezon. It was participated by Office of the Provincial Agriculture, LGU’s of Pagbilao, BGUs of Ibabang Palsabangon and Bantay Dagat.

With a total of 90.48 hectares Buffer Zone and 15.58 hectares core zone, the Pagbilao Marine Sanctuary is geographically located at:

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Gathered data from the above mentioned workshop were used for the preparation of Draft Pagbilao Fish Sanctuary Management Plan. 

Development and Maintenance of Coastal and Marine Information Database/IIMS Database

The MCD was designed to help simplify and standardize the monitoring and evaluation of coastal resource management (CRM) activities at the local government unit (LGU) level. It was further designed to support widespread adoption and use by LGU’s and CRM-related agencies and projects.

The IIMS is a relational environmental database that can store sets of data that are necessary in environmental management. The system is one of the tools developed by the Partnership for Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) for coastal and marine management to facilitate decision-making. IIMS has been developed to capture important data in coastal and marine, and river basin management, and provide information on appropriate format for the managers, decision-makers and planners and stakeholders. 112912 21

Thus, the maintenance and integration of the two databases were important and can be used by the LGU’s as a guide in implementing CRM programs as well as to report progress made in managing municipal waters. As one of the first and most capacitated regions with regards to the implementation and maintenance of the Integrated Information Management System (IIMS); the River Basin Integrated Information Management System (RBIIMS) of DENR 4 A, created under the Regional Special Order No. 161 dated July 12, 2010 had already maintained, gathered and encoded a total of 11,105 data with the different data categories shown in Table III-27.

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 Formulation and Pilot Implementation of Coastal Hazard Management Plan

In order to test the effectiveness of a Coastal Hazard Map Plan, a model Coastal Hazard Management Plan (CHMP) for the Municipality of Kawit, Cavite was prepared considering that the stretch of the coastal area of the Province of Cavite is very long.

T h e muni ci pali ty of Kawit was chosen because this area i s ex peri encing vari ous hazards such as flooding; h a b i t a t degradation; salt intrusion; sea level rise; and water pollution (Fig.III- 19) . This is because of the i n d i sc r i mi n a t e dumping of solid waste and discharge of untreated liquid waste from household, commercial, institutional and industrial sector. This CHMP is prepared in order to: 112912 23
⇒ Provide basic information to stakeholders of Kawit on the necessary mitigating measures during occurrence of landbased or river flooding and sea borne/storm surge or coastal flooding caused by heavy rainfall or typhoon;

⇒ Educate stakeholders on response and preparedness and come up with their own emergency response and preparedness program;

⇒ Identify appropriate mitigating measures on flooding for the municipality;

⇒ Train stakeholders on natural hazard management process that includes the natural hazard assessment, vulnerability assessment, risk assessment and vulnerability reduction; and

⇒ Provide information to be used to help guide and coordinate mitigating activities and decision for local land use policy in the future.

This proactive mitigation planning will help reduce the cost of disaster response and recovery to the community and its property owners by protecting critical community facilities, reducing liability exposure and minimizing overall community impacts and disruption.

This CHMP will be implemented thru creation of Multi-Sectoral Coordinating Team. The MCT will be composed of the Municipal Mayor as the Chairman and PENRO as the Vice-Chairman. The MCT with committees that will be formulated will chose from among the identified mitigation strategies in this CHMP appropriate for the municipality of Kawit. The team will also be responsible on determining strategies to involve stakeholders in the implementation, monitoring and supervision of mitigating measures and strategies that are identified in this CHMP. In this plan, natural mitigation strategies will be included.

 Strengthening of Coastal Law Enforcement Alliance with Partners (NGA’s, NGO’s, LGU’s)

To strengthen and harmonize all activities of government agencies involved on Coastal Law Enforcement in the provinces of Batangas, Cavite and Quezon, coordinative meetings with each province were attended/conducted, to wit:

⇒ Batangas Marine Protected Area and Bantay Dagat Network meeting spearheaded by Provincial Government and Natural Resources Office (PGENRO) of Batangas. Various topics were discussed and among others were: updates on the management status and expansion activities of MPA; draft vision and mission of network for the MPA strategy on establishing resilient Marine Protected Area Network/s in the Verde Island Passage; updates on the operation/activities of Bantay Dagat; presentation of financial assistance of DENR CALABARZON; and Executive Order No. 2011-2 (Adopting and Incorporating Marine Law Enforcement Strategies in the ICM Plan of the Province and Creating Batangas Environmental Response Team (BERT) for Coastal, Marine and Inland Waters Environmental Protection.

DENR 4A pledged to support the Bantay Dagat Network by providing financial support on the strengthening enforcement alliance of the province.

⇒ Assembly meeting conducted by the Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG) at Calamba City, Laguna on June 13, 2011. This meeting focused on the presentation of concerns and identification of participation of each mandamus agencies with regards to the Supreme Court’s order to clean and rehabilitate the Manila Bay. It was agreed during this meeting to have a series of leveling off/ meeting with the LGU’s of Cavite (June 28, 2011) Laguna (June 21, 2011) and Rizal (June 17, 2011) which had been materialized as planned.

⇒ City Government of Lucena City conducted meeting in support to the strengthening of coastal law enforcement alliance with partners of Tayabas Bay and in correlation with the City’s Rivers Resuscitation Program last November 16, 2011. Taken up during this meeting were the conduct of garbage and river clean ups and field trip to Cavite regarding the establishment of trash-trap . Further, CMMD-4A presented the results of the recent conduct of Dry Season - Biophysical Assessment of Dumacaa-Iyam Tayabas River Basin.

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