Gender and Development

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Reconstituted GAD
Focal Point System

RSO No. 2015-054
dtd. March 04, 2015

Regional GAD Focal Point
Spvg. FMS Ronita A. Unlayao

Regional GAD Coordinator
EMS II Josephine B. Tanudtanud

Members

Atty. II Marlou P. Alutaya
SFMS Dolores Borja
AO V Mabel C. Grasparil
AIO IV Zacarias Olvido
PEO I Annabella Posadas 
Engr. V Edgar Barraca
SFMS Januel Peras
For. I Carina L. Eugenio


PENRO GAD Focal Persons

Batangas-Luningning Morales
Cavite-Noime Mararac
Laguna-Elizabeth Susbilla
Quezon-Naneth Joven
Rizal-Marlyn Paunil

CENRO GAD Focal Persons

Batangas

Batangas-Loida Maglinao
Calaca-Josefa Lozada

Cavite

Trece Martires-Melinda Gordo

Laguna

Pagsanjan-Virginia Aran

Quezon

Pagbilao-Rhoda Cantos
Calauag-Belma Abad
Catanauan-Vicenta Abella
Real-Shirley De Veza

Gender and Development (GAD)

GAD is a development perspective that recognizes the unequal status and situations of women and men in society.

 

Background

Women in Development (WID) - 1970

     Women were excluded from the development process, they should be integrated into on going development initiative, and they need to change to benefit from development.

  • Projects were aimed to increase women's income and productivity,
  • Women were trained in skills that served to extend their work at home:
  •        - peanut butter making                    - soap making

           - candle making                              - etc. 

           - food processing 

  • Projects involved only women participants

Women and Development (WAD) - early half of 1970s

  • End of the decade saw the launching of militant women's group,
  • Women were marginalized,
  • Perspective on development that advocated the changing of class structure to achieve gender equality. That meant a parallel women's world of culture, education and commerce, that would value and promote women's perspective and interests,
  • Strategies tended to concentrate on income generating projects for women

Gender and Development(GAD) - emerged in the 1980's

  • Unequal power relations between women and men prevent equitable relations and the full participation of women in development,
  • Focuses on social, economic, political and cultural forces that determine how men and women can equally participate in, benefit from and control project resources along women's empowerment framework,
  • Identities and addresses practical and strategic gender interests.

Development Process Seen from a Gender Perspective

The concept of development also includes an element of Equality that material benefits from the development process should be fairly distributed, especially to benefit those most in need, the disadvantaged and most vulnerable.

Equality of Opportunity means that everybody has an equal chance, especially for equal access, there is no structural discrimination standing in the way of any individual or social group.

Gender sensitivity- is the ability to recognize gender issues, and especially the ability to recognize women's different perceptions and interests arising from their different social location and different gender roles.

Empowerment is an important element of development, being the process by which people take control and action in order to overcome obstacles.

Equality of opportunity for women would mean ending all gender discrimination. 

Legal Mandates for GAD

  • 1987 Philippine Constitution- Article II, Sec. 14 provides that the State recognizes the role of women in nation-building, and shall ensure that fundamental equality before the law of women and men.
  • Republic Act 7192. Women in Development and Nation-Building Institutionalizing gender concerns in national development efforts adopting the GAD approach in policies and programs.
  • R.A 7192, directs all government agencies to institute measure that would eliminate gender bias in government policies, programs and project, to ensure that women are given the means to paeticipate fully in development and nation building.
  • Other National Laws on Women

    • Anti-Discrimination Law (RA 6725)
    • Migrant Workers and Overseas 
      Filipino Act (RA 8972)
    • Solo Parents'Welfare Act of 2000
      (RA 8972)
    • Anti-Mail Order Bride Law (RA 6955)
    • Anti-Sexual Harassment Law (RA 7877)
    • Anti-Rape Law (RA 8353)

    Other National Laws on Women

    • Anti-Voilence Against Women 
      and their Children Act (RA 9262)
    • Special Protection of Children 
      Against Child Abuse, Exploitation 
      and discrimination Act (RA 7610)
    • Sexuality Education (LOI,47, 1972)
    • Magna Carta of Women (RA 9710)
    • Others

    SOURCE: Handouts Distributed during the Gender Mainstreaming Lecture by DENR-Central office GADFPS

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